Why the name Red Sea
In some limited areas the water takes on a reddish hue because of the proliferation of an alga called „Trischodesmium erythraeum“.
The Red Sea is narrow and elongated, bordered by mountains with an average height 1 000 – 1 500 meters. Read Sea is connected to the Indian Ocean, has the highest salinity of all the open seas on Earth – 38%.
The coasts of the Red Sea are bordered by an extraordinarily long coral reef of hard and soft which has been calculated to extend more then 2 000 kilometers.
An incredible variety of fish species live along the reef, this small and brightly coloured creatures make up „reef fauna“. The exact number of fis species present in the Red Sea is not know as every year new discoveries are made. For the moment being there are 1248 classified species of which 17% are endemic, mening not found in other seas.
The most famous dive places in the area Sharm el Sheikh is Ras Mohammed National Park and Strait of Tiran.
The most famous place for diving and snorkeling in the area Hurghada is along the island Giftun.